Fast computation of soft tissue deformations in real-time simulation with Hyper-Elastic Mass Links

Abstract : Virtual surgery simulators show a lot of advantages in the world of surgery training, where they allow to improve the quality of surgeons' gesture. One of the current major technical difficulties for the development of surgery simulation is the possibility to perform a real-time computation of soft tissue deformation by considering the accurate modeling of their mechanical properties. However today, few models are available, they are still time consuming and limited in number of elements by algorithm complexity. We present in this paper a new method and framework that we call 'HEML' (Hyper-Elastic Mass Links), which is particularly fast. It is derived from the finite element method, can handle visco-hyperelastic and large deformation modeling. Although developed initially for medical applications, the HEML method can be used for any numerical computation of hyperelastic material deformations based on a tetrahedral mesh. A comparison with existing methods shows a much faster speed. A comparison with Mass-Spring methods, that are particularly fast but not realistic, shows that they can be considered as a degenerate case of the HEML framework.
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Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Elsevier, 2015, 〈10.1016/j.cma.2015.06.015〉
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François Goulette, Zhuo-Wei Chen. Fast computation of soft tissue deformations in real-time simulation with Hyper-Elastic Mass Links. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, Elsevier, 2015, 〈10.1016/j.cma.2015.06.015〉. 〈hal-01256777〉

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