Multiaxial mechanical behavior of aramid fibers and identification of skin/core structure from single fiber transverse compression testing

Abstract : The transverse and longitudinal mechanical properties of aramid fibers like Kevlar™ 29 (K29) fibers are strongly linked to their highly oriented structure. Mechanical characterization at the single fiber scale is challenging especially when the diameter is as small as 15 µm. Longitudinal tensile tests on single K29 fibers and single fiber transverse compression test (SFTCT) have been developed. Our approach consists of coupling morphological observations and mechanical experiments with SFTCT analysis by comparing analytical solutions and finite element modeling. New insights on the analysis of the transverse direction response are highlighted. Systematic loading/unloading compression tests enable to experimentally determine a transverse elastic limit. Taking account of the strong anisotropy of the fiber, the transverse mechanical response sheds light on a skin/core architecture. More importantly, results suggest that the skin of the fiber, typically representing a shell of one micrometer in thickness, has a transverse apparent modulus of 0.2 GPa. That is around more than fifteen times lower than the transverse modulus of 3.0 GPa in the core. By comparison, the measured longitudinal modulus is about 84 GPa. The stress distribution in the fiber is explored and the critical areas for damage initiation are discussed.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01272319
Contributeur : Bibliothèque Umr7633 <>
Soumis le : mercredi 10 février 2016 - 15:48:05
Dernière modification le : lundi 21 octobre 2019 - 21:56:43

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Judith Wollbrett-Blitz, Sébastien Joannès, Rémi Bruant, Christophe Le Clerc, Marc Romero de la Osa, et al.. Multiaxial mechanical behavior of aramid fibers and identification of skin/core structure from single fiber transverse compression testing. Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, Wiley, 2016, 54 (3), pp.374-384. ⟨10.1002/polb.23763⟩. ⟨hal-01272319⟩

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