Competitive growth and rising of bubbles in a yield stress fluid. Consequences on the macroscopic swelling of bitumen drums

Abstract : The evolution kinetics of a bubble population driven by a uniform production of gas in a yield-stress fluid matrix is investigated in this paper. The context concerns the long time swelling of bitumen drums in which radioactive salts have been dispersed (salts suspensions in a bitumen matrix). Radioactivity generates uniform volume production of hydrogen by radiolysis of bitumen chains. Since the production rate of gas occurs on very long time scales (more than a hundred years), one needs to develop theoretical models to predict the material swelling. It has been shown previously that bitumen is a yield stress fluid and that, in the case of a motionless population (no migration due to buoyancy), the yield stress disturbs the classical scenario of nucleation, bubble growth and Ostwald ripening observed in a Newtonian fluid. In the present work, we consider bubbles nucleation and migration due to buoyancy and we show that the yield stress causes delays in the evolution of a bubble population and that it consequently modifies the macroscopic swelling of the material into the drums.
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Soumis le : mercredi 17 août 2016 - 11:10:46
Dernière modification le : lundi 12 novembre 2018 - 10:59:37

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Antoine Marchal, Bruno Vergnes, Arnaud Poulesquen, Rudy Valette. Competitive growth and rising of bubbles in a yield stress fluid. Consequences on the macroscopic swelling of bitumen drums. Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics, Elsevier, 2016, 234, pp.162-169. ⟨10.1016/j.jnnfm.2016.06.010⟩. ⟨hal-01354080⟩

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