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Article Dans Une Revue European Polymer Journal Année : 2016

Nucleation of crystallization of isotactic polypropylene in the gamma form under high pressure in nonisothermal conditions

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Résumé

The crystallization of isotactic polypropylene (PP) in γ-modification, which forms under high pressure but also at high temperature, can be nucleated by nucleating agents used for PP α-modification crystallizing under atmospheric pressure, like poly(tetrafluoroethylene) (PTFE) particles and commercial Hyperform HPN-20E. The study focuses on answering the question whether these nucleants are sufficiently active under high pressure to nucleate crystallization of PP during cooling in the temperature range of crystallization of the γ-form. To this aim, neat PP and PP with 0.2 wt% of nucleating agents were annealed at 250 °C for 5 min and subsequently cooled under a pressure ranging from 1.3 to 300 MPa. After releasing pressure, the specimens were analyzed by DSC, WAXD and PLM to have an insight into morphology, crystallinity and content of crystallographic forms. Both, Hyperform HPN-20E and PTFE, nucleated the crystallization of PP during cooling under high pressure in the γ-form causing an increase of crystallization temperature, the γ-form content and a decrease of grain size, although the first nucleant was more efficient. Calcium pimelate, a known nucleant of the β-form, studied for comparison, was ineffective.
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Dates et versions

hal-01410440 , version 1 (06-12-2016)

Identifiants

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Przemyslaw Sowinski, Ewa Piorkowska, Séverine A.E. Boyer, Jean-Marc Haudin. Nucleation of crystallization of isotactic polypropylene in the gamma form under high pressure in nonisothermal conditions. European Polymer Journal, 2016, 85, pp.564 - 574. ⟨10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2016.10.055⟩. ⟨hal-01410440⟩
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