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Carbon dioxide absorption by ammonia intensified with membrane contactors

Abstract : Membrane gas absorption technology is a promising alternative for CO2 removal from post-combustion coal-fired flue gases. This study examines an alternative which consists in absorbing carbon dioxide by ammonia aqueous solution in a membrane contactor to improve the capture processes and to intensify the gas–liquid transfer. Absorption measurements through a membrane contactor have been made. The influence of the material nature constituting the membrane and operating parameters on the capture efficiency has been studied. The potentialities of dense skin membrane contactors are discussed with regard to both increased CO2 mass transfer performances and mitigation of ammonia volatilization. The results have shown that it is possible to capture CO2 from ammonia through a membrane with capture efficiency greater than 90 %. The membrane limits ammonia losses but does not eliminate it. The experimental results are used to calculate an intensification factor of 5, which represents the comparison between the membrane overall absorption rate to that of the column.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 8, 2017 - 2:02:32 PM
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Carol Toro Molina, Chakib Bouallou. Carbon dioxide absorption by ammonia intensified with membrane contactors. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, Springer Verlag, 2016, Volume 18, Issue 7, pp.2133-2146. ⟨10.1007/s10098-016-1140-0⟩. ⟨hal-01461718⟩



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