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Substrate Grain-Dependent Chemistry of Carburized Planar Anodic TiO 2 on Polycrystalline Ti

Abstract : Mixtures or composites of titania and carbon have gained considerable research interest as innovative catalyst supports for low-and intermediate-temperature proton-exchange membrane fuel cells. For applications in electro-catalysis, variations in the local physicochemical properties of the employed materials can have significant effects on their behavior as catalyst supports. To assess microscopic hetero-geneities in composition, structure, and morphology, a microscopic multitechnique approach is required. In this work, compact anodic TiO 2 films on planar polycrystalline Ti substrates are converted into carbon/titania composites or multiphase titanium oxycarbides through carbothermal treatment in an acetylene/argon atmosphere in a flow reactor. The local chemical composition, structure, and morphology of the converted films are studied with scanning photoelectron microscopy, micro-Raman spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy and are related with the crystallographic orientations of the Ti substrate grains by means of electron backscatter diffraction. Different annealing temperatures, ranging from 550 to 850 °C, are found to yield different substrate grain-dependent chemical compositions, structures, and morphologies. The present study reveals individual time scales for the carbothermal conversion and subsequent surface re-oxidation on substrate grains of a given orientation. Furthermore, it demonstrates the power of a microscopic multitechnique approach for studying polycrystalline heterogeneous materials for electrocatalytic applications.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 22, 2017 - 10:19:43 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 5:20:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, May 23, 2017 - 1:28:56 PM

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Céline Rüdiger, Marco Favaro, Carlos Valero-Vidal, Laura Calvillo, Nathalie Bozzolo, et al.. Substrate Grain-Dependent Chemistry of Carburized Planar Anodic TiO 2 on Polycrystalline Ti. ACS Omega, ACS Publications, 2017, 2 (2), pp.631-640. ⟨10.1021/acsomega.6b00472⟩. ⟨hal-01473680⟩

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