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Article Dans Une Revue Philosophical Magazine Année : 2014

Solvent grain boundary diffusion in binary solid solutions : a new approach to evaluate solute grain boundary segregation

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Vladimir A. Esin
Youssef Souhar

Résumé

A new method to estimate solute grain boundary (GB) segregation from solvent GB diffusion measurements in binary solid solutions is proposed for the systems with restricted solubility and intermediate stoichiometric phases. The method is based on the model of complex formation: solvent atoms (A) interact with solute ones (B) at GB with the formation of AB chemical bond. A description of solvent GB diffusion is then given. Using such an approach, a new equation for the dependence of solvent GB diffusion coefficient on solute bulk concentration is derived for the systems with simple atomic attraction with AB complex formation in GB. Theoretical results predict non-linear dependence of solvent GB diffusion coefficient on solute bulk content, which is in agreement with earlier published experimental data regarding the ease of grain boundary diffusion in alloys of different chemical compositions. More importantly, the equation deduced permits to evaluate, on one hand, the characteristics of solute GB segregation from solvent GB diffusion measurements and, one the other hand, GB diffusion coefficient in pure solvent. Such a numerical data analysis for Fe–Sn system is in agreement with experimental results. In special cases, such an analysis can be done analytically.
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Dates et versions

hal-01501796 , version 1 (04-04-2017)

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Vladimir A. Esin, Youssef Souhar. Solvent grain boundary diffusion in binary solid solutions : a new approach to evaluate solute grain boundary segregation. Philosophical Magazine, 2014, 94 (35), pp.4066-4079. ⟨10.1080/14786435.2014.980043⟩. ⟨hal-01501796⟩
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