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Evolution of the inspection of the industrial plants: Towards a “privatization” of the safety?

Abstract : Recently, regarding the explosion of AZF, she French Supreme administrative court, the State Council (Conseil d’Etat) estimated that the state department charged with the inspection of the industrial activities (DREAL – Direction Régional de l’Environnement, de l’Aménagement et du Logement) did not commit any negligence in the inspection of the plant and had no part of the responsibility in the accident. The judges based their decision on the fact that in the safety report, elaborated in 1990 by the industrial, the danger of the explosion of the ammonium nitrate warehouse was not considered. Moreover, nobody informed the state department of the lack of compliance of the industrial activity with the legal measures and so, of the lack of safety. However, the judicial inquiry lead following the accident had demonstrated serious negligence in the management of the site, which had never been the subject of a report by the DREAL, despite eleven inspection visits within the last six years before the explosion. The State Council has confirmed a certain conception of the inspection of the industrial plants: inspection appears as one of the modes of the regulation in the environmental and safety field, with an evolution of the role of the State and the industrial.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 12, 2017 - 11:12:02 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 5:20:28 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01506752, version 1
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Valérie Sanseverino-Godfrin. Evolution of the inspection of the industrial plants: Towards a “privatization” of the safety?. ESREL 2016, Sep 2016, Glasgow, United Kingdom. pp.310 - ISBN 978-1-138-02997-2. ⟨hal-01506752⟩

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