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Carbide precipitation in 2.25 Cr-1 Mo bainitic steel : effect of heating and isothermal tempering conditions

Abstract : The effect of the tempering heat treatment, including heating prior to the isothermal step, on carbide precipitation has been determined in a 2.25 Cr-1 Mo bainitic steel for thick-walled applications. The carbides were identified using their amount of metallic elements, morphology, nucleation sites, and diffraction patterns. The evolution of carbide phase fraction, morphology, and composition was investigated using transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, as well as thermodynamic calculations. Upon heating, retained austenite into the as-quenched material decomposes into ferrite and cementite. M7C3 carbides then nucleate at the interface between the cementite and the matrix, triggering the dissolution of cementite. M2C carbides precipitate separately within the bainitic laths during slow heating. M23C6 carbides precipitate at the interfaces (lath boundaries or prior austenite grain boundaries) and grow by attracting nearby chromium atoms, which results in the dissolution of M7C3 and, depending on the temperature, coarsening, or dissolution of M2C carbides, respectively.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01518779
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Submitted on : Friday, May 5, 2017 - 1:57:42 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 16, 2021 - 3:31:24 AM

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Sylvain Dépinoy, Caroline Toffolon-Masclet, Stéphane Urvoy, Justine Roubaud, Bernard Marini, et al.. Carbide precipitation in 2.25 Cr-1 Mo bainitic steel : effect of heating and isothermal tempering conditions. Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A, Springer Verlag/ASM International, 2017, 48 (5), pp.2164-2178. ⟨10.1007/s11661-017-4045-6⟩. ⟨hal-01518779⟩

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