Experimental Study of the Transition from Constrained to Unconstrained Growth during Directional Solidification. - Archive ouverte HAL Accéder directement au contenu
Article Dans Une Revue ISIJ international Année : 2000

Experimental Study of the Transition from Constrained to Unconstrained Growth during Directional Solidification.

(1)
1

Résumé

Temperature measurements are carried out in 99.99 wt% aluminum and aluminum-silicon alloys. The experimental apparatus was initially built for the study of microporosity formation in aluminum alloys. The construction is designed to obtain upward directional solidification by limiting lateral heat flow during cooling and suppressing fluid flow induced by the pouring sequence. Cooling occurs from the top part of the ingot, leading to the formation of a surface dendrite layer. In the 99.99 wt% aluminum, very few equiaxed grains sink down from the surface dendrite layer into the liquid. The density of the equiaxed dendritic grains is too low to block the columnar cellular front. Cooling curves show that, once superheat disappears (i.e., when no substantial thermal gradient remains in the liquid), the liquid is kept at an almost constant temperature during the growth of the columnar front and a small negative thermal gradient forms in the liquid ahead of the growing columnar front. It is concluded that the liquid is reheated by the growing columnar front. In the case of the aluminum-silicon alloys, a columnar-to-equiaxed transition (CET) is observed at almost two-thirds of the ingot length. The columnar length is found to increase slightly with decreasing the solute content. Recalescence is measured in a fully equiaxed region, while cooling rate, recorded by the thermocouple located just above the CET, remains negative.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
gandin-isij2000.pdf (399.57 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origine : Fichiers éditeurs autorisés sur une archive ouverte
Loading...

Dates et versions

hal-01564434 , version 1 (27-07-2017)

Identifiants

Citer

Charles-André Gandin. Experimental Study of the Transition from Constrained to Unconstrained Growth during Directional Solidification.. ISIJ international, 2000, 40 (10), pp.971 - 979. ⟨10.2355/isijinternational.40.971⟩. ⟨hal-01564434⟩
119 Consultations
123 Téléchargements

Altmetric

Partager

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More