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La fabrique des données brutes. Le travail en coulisses de l'open data

Abstract : Open data initiatives have been flourishing around the world. Staged as an unexploited resource—a new “oil“—government data rapidly became the object of all kinds of promises, from the renewal of democracy to the stimulation of innovation. Yet, as in the sciences, in which data sharing has been a driving force of transformation for long, the plea of opening data in administrations goes with a certain process of invisibilization. Indeed, such terms as “transparency,“ “free information” and above all “raw data” erase most of the traces of the conditions in which data is produced, and of its initial uses. They also take the universality of data for granted. This chapter explores the backstage of government open data, and foregrounds the processes of its production and questions its specificities. Drawing on a series of in-depth interviews in several institutions, it shows that the data are never simply and mechanically opened. Instead, it describes how raw data themselves are actually shaped. Three particularly delicate aspects of this opening process are discussed: data identification, data extraction, and data “rawification.” These operations show the sociotechnical density of raw data, the production of which ties together organizational, political and technical issues.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 9, 2017 - 10:23:59 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:33:14 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-01573288, version 1


Jérôme Denis, Samuel Goëta. La fabrique des données brutes. Le travail en coulisses de l'open data. Clément Mabi, Jean-Christophe Plantin, Laurence Monnoyer-Smith. Ouvrir,partager, réutiliser. Regards critiques sur les données numériques, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, 2017. ⟨hal-01573288⟩



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