Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Book sections

Decision-Making in Extreme Situations Following the Fukushima Daiichi Accident

Abstract : The Fukushima Daiichi accident raises questions about current decision-making models. Faced with an overwhelming situation, which threatened both their own lives and that of the entire population, the plant’s operators were obliged to take action, despite the lack of resources. In these conditions, decision making cannot be reduced to an optimization exercise based on a range of possibilities, or the application of planned operational responses to an emergency situation. The inevitable catastrophe, the social pressure it generates, the moral dilemmas it creates and the psychological drivers for action are characteristic of an extreme situation. The action plan must therefore be reinvented and individuals mobilised to these ends. It is therefore in a broader context of ‘action’ that decision making takes shape, and finds its logical foundations, meaning and temporality. Understanding decision making in extreme situations first requires a grasp of the development of a specific value system (that is mediated by the physical experience of the situation) in which the individual and social representations play a central role.
Document type :
Book sections
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [38 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01574808
Contributor : Magalie Prudon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 16, 2017 - 3:24:36 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:58:28 PM

File

Travadel-10.1007_978-3-319-587...
Publication funded by an institution

Identifiers

Citation

Sébastien Travadel. Decision-Making in Extreme Situations Following the Fukushima Daiichi Accident. Prof. Dr. Joonhong Ahn, Prof. Dr. Franck Guarnieri, Prof. Dr. Kazuo Furuta. Resilience: A New Paradigm of Nuclear Safety. From Accident Mitigation to Resilient Society Facing Extreme Situations , Springer International Publishing - Available under Open Access, pp.169-183, 2017, Print ISBN 978-3-319-58767-7 Online ISBN 978-3-319-58768-4. ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-58768-4_13⟩. ⟨hal-01574808⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

262

Files downloads

444