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Maximizing intermittency in 100% renewable and reliable power systems: A holistic approach applied to Reunion Island in 2030

Abstract : Technical constraints related to power systems management may limit the high integration of variable renewable energy sources in the power mix. This issue is addressed for the Reunion Island, which aims to reach energy independence by 2030 using renewables. To that end, a long-term power system analysis is proposed using a comprehensive and coherent approach based on a bottom-up TIMES model providing future production mixes according to different scenarios. A transient reliability indicator based on kinetic energy is proposed and endogenized within the model. In addition, a dedicated Kuramoto model describes the synchronism condition required for aggregating the kinetic energy embedded in the whole power system. For the case of Reunion island, this methodology draws the following conclusions: (i) to achieve the renewables target, the capacity to invest in the energy sector is doubled, and the level of reliability decreases considerably; (ii) the loss of reliability induced by higher intermittency— typically —in the power mix can be counter balanced and leveraged by implementing flexibility solutions (demand response and storage).
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01632491
Contributor : Magalie Prudon <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 10, 2017 - 11:54:39 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 24, 2020 - 5:22:34 PM

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Nadia Maïzi, Vincent Mazauric, Edi Assoumou, Stéphanie Bouckaert, Vincent Krakowski, et al.. Maximizing intermittency in 100% renewable and reliable power systems: A holistic approach applied to Reunion Island in 2030. Applied Energy, Elsevier, 2017, pp.In Press. ⟨10.1016/j.apenergy.2017.08.058⟩. ⟨hal-01632491⟩

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