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Spatial distribution of nucleated bubbles in molten glasses undergoing coalescence and growth

Abstract : Two‐dimensional spatial distributions and growths of nucleated bubbles during the re‐melting of “float” glass samples are experimentally investigated. To follow the bubble population undergoing coalescence, the temporal behavior of the Voronoï tessellation built by the bubble positions are monitored. During coalescence, the Voronoï cell areas are fitted by a single‐parameter Gamma distribution. Numerical time simulation of population of bubbles undergoing coalescence shows an exponential increase in the parameter associated to the Gamma distribution with the fraction of coalesced bubbles in agreement with experimental observation. An initial density of nuclei is then estimated; direct observation would require an extremely high space resolution. The bubble number density is two orders of magnitude larger on the side which was in contact with tin bath than on the other side in contact with atmosphere. Moreover, bubbles grow faster on tin side. From a thermodynamic and mass transfer models, we prove that tin reduces the glass former liquid which leads to an increase in dissolved sulfur explaining the more abundant bubble population and the enhanced growth rate on tin side.
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Damien Boloré, Franck Pigeonneau. Spatial distribution of nucleated bubbles in molten glasses undergoing coalescence and growth. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Wiley, 2018, 101 (5), pp.1892-1905. ⟨10.1111/jace.15361⟩. ⟨hal-01646137⟩

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