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The micromorphic approach to generalized heat equations

Abstract : In this paper, the micromorphic approach, previously developed in the mechanical context is applied to heat transfer and shown to deliver new generalized heat equations as well as the nonlocal effects. The latter are compared to existing formulations: the classical Fourier heat conduction, the hyperbolic type with relaxation time, the gradient of temperature or entropy theories, the double temperature model, the micro-temperature model or micro-entropy models. A new pair of thermodynamically-consistent micromorphic heat equations are derived from appropriate Helmholtz-free energy potentials depending on an additional micromorphic temperature and its first gradient. The additional micromorphic temperature associated with the classical local temperature is introduced as an independent degree of freedom, based on the generalized principle of virtual power. This leads to a new thermal balance equation taking into account the nonlocal thermal effects and involving an internal length scale which represents the characteristic size of the system. Several existing extended generalized heat equations could be retrieved from constrained micromorphic heat equations with suitable selections of the Helmholtz-free energy and heat flux expressions. As an example the propagation of plane thermal waves is investigated according to the various generalized heat equations. Possible applications to fast surface processes, nanostructured media and nanosystems are also discussed.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 8, 2018 - 4:01:03 PM
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Weijie Liu, Khemais Saanouni, Samuel Forest, Ping Hu. The micromorphic approach to generalized heat equations. Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics, De Gruyter, 2017, 42 (4), pp.327-358. ⟨10.1515/jnet-2016-0080⟩. ⟨hal-01677776⟩



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