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Partitioning of the Free Space-Time for On-Road Navigation of Autonomous Ground Vehicles

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Florent Altché
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Arnaud de La Fortelle

Résumé

In this article, we consider the problem of trajectory planning and control for on-road driving of an autonomous ground vehicle (AGV) in presence of static or moving obstacles. We propose a systematic approach to partition the collision-free portion of the space-time into convex sub-regions that can be interpreted in terms of relative positions with respect to a set of fixed or mobile obstacles. We show that this partitioning allows decomposing the NP-hard problem of computing an optimal collision-free trajectory, as a path-finding problem in a well-designed graph followed by a simple (polynomial time) optimization phase for any quadratic convex cost function. Moreover, robustness criteria such as margin of error while executing the trajectory can easily be taken into account at the graph-exploration phase, thus reducing the number of paths to explore.
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Dates et versions

hal-01691793 , version 1 (24-01-2018)

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  • HAL Id : hal-01691793 , version 1

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Florent Altché, Arnaud de La Fortelle. Partitioning of the Free Space-Time for On-Road Navigation of Autonomous Ground Vehicles. 56th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, Dec 2017, Melbourne, Australia. ⟨hal-01691793⟩
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