Thermal behavior of a translucent superinsulated latent heat energy storage wall in summertime

Abstract : This paper investigates the thermal performance of a translucent solar wall providing, concurrently, storage and restitution of heat, super thermal-acoustic insulation and daylighting to the interior environment. The wall is composed of glazing, silica aerogel used as a transparent insulation material (TIM) and glass bricks filled with fatty acid, an eutectic phase change material (PCM). To assess the TIM–PCM wall thermal behavior, experimentations were conducted in-situ in a full-sized test cell located in Sophia Antipolis, southern France. Experimental data shows that the tested wall is more effective in winter and might cause overheating during the summer mainly due to solar gains and un-cycling behavior of PCM which remains in liquid state. To enhance the energy performance of the wall in summertime, a numerical model describing the heat transfer mechanisms occurring in the PCM layer in combination with the other transparent wall layers is developed. Then, the model of the wall is linked to TRNSYS software to assess the thermal performance of the whole building. The numerical model is validated experimentally and a good agreement is shown comparing the simulated values with the measured data for seven consecutive days in summer and winter. The importance of considering the natural convection effect in the liquid PCM is also demonstrated. Moreover, it was shown that shading devices can effectively reduce overheating while natural night ventilation decreases the indoor temperature without affecting the PCM performance since the outdoor temperature is always higher than the phase change temperature. The use of a glass with selective solar reflection properties depending on the season instead of the ordinary glazing is shown also to be very effective way to overcome the overheating problem. Finally, the TIM-PCM wall is tested under different climate conditions and passive solutions are given to ensure thermal comfort in summer season.
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Soumis le : vendredi 2 mars 2018 - 15:16:51
Dernière modification le : lundi 12 novembre 2018 - 11:04:30

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Farah Souayfane, Pascal Henry Biwole, Farouk Fardoun. Thermal behavior of a translucent superinsulated latent heat energy storage wall in summertime. Applied Energy, Elsevier, 2018, 217, pp.390 - 408. ⟨10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.02.119⟩. ⟨hal-01721768⟩

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