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Trapped fluid in contact interface

Abstract : We study the mechanical contact between a deformable body with a wavy surface and a rigid flat taking into account pressurized fluid trapped in the interface. A finite element model is formulated for a general problem of trapped fluid for frictionless and frictional contact. Using this model we investigate the evolution of the real contact area, maximal frictional traction and global coefficient of friction under increasing external pressure. Elastic and elasto-plastic material models, compressible and incompressible fluid models and different geometrical characteristics of the wavy surface are used. We show that in case of incompressible fluid, due to its pressurization, the real contact area and the global coefficient of friction decrease monotonically with the increasing external pressure. Eventually, the contact opens and the fluid occupies the entire interface resulting in vanishing of static friction. An asymptotic analytical result for the critical trap-opening pressure is found and shown to be independent of the surface slope if it is small. In case of compressible fluids with pressure-dependent bulk modulus we demonstrate a non-monotonous behaviour of the global coefficient of friction due to a competition between non-linear evolution of the contact area and of the fluid pressure. However, for realistic compressibility of solids and fluids, contact-opening cannot be reached at reasonable pressures. On the other hand, in case of elastic-perfectly plastic materials, we again observe fluid permeation into the contact interface. Finally, we study the distribution of frictional tractions during the depletion of the contact area under increasing external pressure. This process leads to emergence of singularity-like peaks in tangential tractions (bounded by the Coulomb’s limit) near the contact edges. We point out the similarity between the processes of trap opening and interfacial crack propagation, and estimate the complex stress intensity factor in the framework of linear elastic fracture mechanics.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 22, 2019 - 8:53:00 AM
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Andrei Shvarts, Vladislav Yastrebov. Trapped fluid in contact interface. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Elsevier, 2018, 119, pp.140-162. ⟨10.1016/j.jmps.2018.06.016⟩. ⟨hal-01853388⟩



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