Effects of cooling path and resulting microstructure on the impact toughness of a hot stamping martensitic stainless steel

Abstract : The present study examined the effect of microstructural characteristics on the toughness properties of a hot stamping martensitic stainless steel. Moderately slow cooling during the martensitic transformation leads to the auto-tempering of the martensite laths and the stabilization of thin austenite films. The amounts of retained austenite and cementite precipitates were quantified for various cooling conditions. Charpy impact toughness tests were performed over a large range of temperatures to characterize the ductile-to-brittle transition. Decreasing the cooling rate from 300 °C/s down to 3 °C/s increased the retained austenite fraction from 0.6% up to 2.6% and decreased the ductile-to-brittle transition temperature by 140 °C. The critical cleavage fracture stress was determined to be around 2400 MPa whatever the cooling rate, by applying the local approach to fracture. However, it has been demonstrated that a higher retained austenite fraction modifies incipient plasticity and decreases the yield stress by 60 MPa. As a result, retained austenite delays cleavage fracture by increasing the strain necessary to reach the critical cleavage fracture stress required to trigger cleavage initiation in the ductile-to-brittle transition domain. In this way, retained austenite plays a determining role to decrease the ductile-to-brittle transition temperature. It is thus beneficial to design cooling rates in order to increase the retained austenite fraction and to improve impact toughness at low temperatures.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Materials Science and Engineering: A, Elsevier, 2019, 742, pp.597-607. 〈10.1016/j.msea.2018.11.036〉
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01930294
Contributeur : Odile Adam <>
Soumis le : mercredi 21 novembre 2018 - 17:29:30
Dernière modification le : jeudi 22 novembre 2018 - 01:21:43

Identifiants

Collections

Citation

Hélène Godin, Jean-Denis Mithieux, Coralie Parrens, Guillaume Badinier, Mohamed Sennour, et al.. Effects of cooling path and resulting microstructure on the impact toughness of a hot stamping martensitic stainless steel. Materials Science and Engineering: A, Elsevier, 2019, 742, pp.597-607. 〈10.1016/j.msea.2018.11.036〉. 〈hal-01930294〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

42