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IA : vers des robots intelligents ?

Abstract : This article deals with Artificial Intelligence algorithms embedded in present robots and with foreseeable evolutions in forthcoming years. While first robots in the 1960’s years were merely automats “dumbly” repeating identical cycles of actions, those of the XXIst century are more and more adaptive, mobile and interactive. Many currently existing robots are already endowed with some kind of “perception intelligence”, i.e. ability to analyze and interpret their environment (in particular segment the surrounding scene into objects of identified categories, with estimated distances and movements). This is made possible mainly thanks to statistical machine-learning, and more and more to deep-learning of Convolutional Neural Networks. The same kind of techniques allow robots to also become interactive (speech recognition, gestures and action recognition, etc.). After recent breakthroughs of Reinforcement-Learning (cf. AlphaGO), research in AI for robotics is currently turning to learning of behavior for adaptive coordination with their environment. However, life-long learning during operation and artificial curiosity are still in their infancy, and present-day partial intelligences of robots are almost always limited to some specific pre-defined use-cases. Emergence of a “strong” (i.e. general and polyvalent) AI therefore still seems many years away. Nevertheless, it is probable that first robots surpassing Humans in a well-delimited context should soon appear.
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Contributor : Fabien Moutarde Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 15, 2019 - 4:28:20 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:31:05 PM


REE 2008-4_IA-Robotique_Fabien...
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  • HAL Id : hal-01982448, version 1


Fabien Moutarde. IA : vers des robots intelligents ?. La Revue de l'électricité et de l'électronique, Société de l'Électricité, de l'Électronique et des Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication, 2018. ⟨hal-01982448⟩



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