, LCA framework used in this study as well as Stefan Pfenninger and Iain Staffell for the development of the openaccess platform Renewables.ninja. This study has been partly funded by Denmark Innovation Fund
, Global Status Report, 2017.
, -global status report, 2018.
, IEA, CO2 emissions from fuel combustion, 2014.
Epidemiology and Prognosis for Patients Treated At the Pediatric Oncology Institute, pp.30126-30135, 2015. ,
What drives renewable energy development?, Energy Policy, vol.39, pp.5099-5104, 2011. ,
Wind energy development and its environmental impact: A review, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev, vol.16, pp.1031-1039, 2012. ,
Impacts of wind energy on environment: A review, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev, vol.49, pp.437-443, 2015. ,
Life cycle assessment (LCA) of electricity generation technologies: Overview, comparability and limitations, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev, vol.28, pp.555-565, 2013. ,
An overview of life cycle assessment (LCA) and research-based teaching in renewable and sustainable energy education, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev, vol.69, pp.218-231, 2017. ,
Life cycle assessment of electricity production from renewable energies: Review and results harmonization, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev, vol.42, pp.1113-1122, 2015. ,
Life Cycle Assessment: Meta-analysis of Cumulative Energy Demand for Wind Energy Technologies, 2017. ,
Meta-analysis of net energy return for wind power systems, Renew. Energy, vol.35, pp.218-225, 2010. ,
Strategic environmental assessment for energy production, Energy Policy, vol.38, pp.3489-3497, 2010. ,
Life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the generation of wind and hydro power, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev, vol.15, pp.3417-3422, 2011. ,
Wind Power as a Case Study, J Ind Ecol, vol.16, pp.22-27, 2012. ,
Assessing the lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions from solar PV and wind energy: A critical meta-survey, Energy Policy, vol.65, pp.229-244, 2014. ,
Life cycle assessment of electricity generation in Mauritius, J Clean Prod, vol.106, pp.565-575, 2015. ,
Life-cycle assessment of electricity in Portugal, Appl Energ, vol.134, pp.563-572, 2014. ,
Life cycle assessment of electricity generation in Mexico, Energy, vol.36, pp.1488-1499, 2011. ,
Environmental impacts of future low-carbon electricity systems: Detailed life cycle assessment of a Danish case study, Appl. Energy, vol.132, pp.66-73, 2014. ,
The ecoinvent database version 3 (part I): overview and methodology, Int. J. Life Cycle Assess, vol.21, pp.1218-1230, 2016. ,
, , p.0, 2007.
Assessing the life cycle environmental impacts of wind power: A review of present knowledge and research needs, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev, vol.16, pp.5994-6006, 2012. ,
From LCAs to simplified models: A generic methodology applied to wind power electricity, Environ. Sci. Technol, vol.47, pp.1231-1238, 2013.,
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00771401
Energy and CO2 life-cycle analyses of wind turbines-review and applications, Renew. Energy, vol.26, pp.339-362, 2002. ,
Exploring technologically, temporally and geographicallysensitive life cycle inventories for wind turbines: A parameterized model for Denmark, Renew. Energy, vol.132, pp.1238-1250, 2019.,
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01876984
, Data: Oversigt over energisektøren, 2018.
Life cycle assessment for emerging technologies: Case studies for photovoltaic and wind power, Int. J. Life Cycle Assess, vol.10, pp.24-34, 2005. ,
Månedlig og årlig energistatistik, 2017. ,
, Livscyklusvurdering af dansk el og kraftvarme Hovedrapport, 2000.
EASETECH -A Dedicated Waste Management LCA-Model, Proc. Sardinia, 2013. ,
Parameterized tool for site specific LCAs of wind energy converters, Int. J. Life Cycle Assess, vol.18, pp.49-60, 2013. ,
Past and prospective energy transitions: Insights from history, Energy Policy, vol.50, pp.1-7, 2012. ,
Re-assessment of net energy production and greenhouse gas emissions avoidance after 40 years of photovoltaics development, Nat. Commun, vol.7, p.13728, 2016. ,
The modern-era retrospective analysis for research and applications, version 2 (MERRA-2), J. Clim, vol.30, pp.5419-5454, 2017. ,
Brightway: An open source framework for Life Cycle Assessment, J. Open Source Softw, vol.2, p.236, 2017. ,
Report from Megavind: Useful Lifetime of a Wind Turbine, 2016. ,
Life cycle assessment of a wind farm repowering process, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev, vol.93, pp.260-271, 2018. ,
, , p.43, 2017.
Ten of the biggest wind turbines, Wind. Mon, 2018. ,
Our offshore wind projects, pp.1-14, 2018. ,
Long-term patterns of European PV output using 30 years of validated hourly reanalysis and satellite data, Energy, vol.114, pp.1251-1265, 2016. ,
Using bias-corrected reanalysis to simulate current and future wind power output, Energy, vol.114, pp.1224-1239, 2016. ,
Turbulence Normalisation of Wind Turbine Power Curve Measurements, Dtsch. Wind. Consult. GmbH, 2009. ,
Estimation of turbulence intensity using rotor effective wind speed in Lillgrund and Horns Rev-I offshore wind farms, Renew Energ, vol.99, pp.524-532, 2016. ,
ASSESSMENT OF IEC 61400-1 NORMAL TURBULENCE MODEL FOR WIND CONDITIONS IN TAIWAN WEST COAST AREAS, Int. J. Mod. Phys. Conf. Ser, vol.34, p.1460382, 2014. ,
, Electricity Capacity Assessment, pp.1-93, 2012.
Comparison of Wake Model Simulations with Offshore Wind Turbine Wake Profiles Measured by Sodar, J. Atmos. Ocean ,
, , pp.888-901, 2006.
Wind plant power optimization through yaw control using a parametric model for wake effects-a CFD simulation study, Wind Energy, vol.19, pp.95-114, 2016. ,
Loss evaluation of HVAC and HVDC transmission solutions for large offshore wind farms, Electr. Power Syst. Res, vol.76, pp.916-927, 2006. ,
Wind turbine downtime and its importance for offshore deployment, Wind Energy, vol.14, pp.327-337, 2011. ,
Validation of Danish wind time series from a new global renewable energy atlas for energy system analysis, Energy, vol.93, pp.1074-1088, 2015. ,
Steel production in Germany by process, 2017. ,
Wind energy database, 2013. ,
Wind energy: Trends and enabling technologies, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev, vol.53, pp.209-224, 2016. ,
Characterization of the life cycle greenhouse gas emissions from wind electricity generation systems, Int. J. Energy Environ. Eng, vol.8, pp.55-64, 2017. ,
Life cycle assessment of onshore and offshore wind energy-from theory to application, Appl Energ, vol.180, pp.327-337, 2016. ,
, Stamdataregister for vindkraftanlaeg, 2016.
Greenhouse gas emissions from electricity generated by offshore wind farms, Renew. Energy, vol.72, pp.428-438, 2014. ,
, , vol.1, 2013.