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MHD modeling of rotating arc under restrike mode in ‘Kvaerner-type’ torch: II. Dynamics and stability at 20 bar pressure

Abstract : This paper focuses on the 3D MHD modeling of a very high-pressure (20 bar) arc plasma at industrial level; the torch is a 'Kvaerner-type' one, made of two concentric graphite electrodes and where spots are displaced with an external magnetic field. Different phenomenologies in arc movement were observed, ranging from a gliding arc on electrodes surfaces to hopping arc foots and notably impacting electrodes erosion and the overall efficiency in the plasma process. Besides those dynamics which are indebted to torch configuration, current and flow rates, arc stability is also investigated with a theoretical model based on an energy principle. This research work provides new insight on the dynamics and stability of the arc inside the Kvaerner-type torch along with an unprecedented understanding of the very high pressure arc under concentric-electrodes-configuration, highlighting strong deformations due to pressure-driven instabilities for the high power arc.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02406836
Contributor : Magalie Prudon <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 12, 2019 - 11:43:26 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, August 29, 2021 - 3:30:35 PM

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Papa Gueye, Yann Cressault, Laurent Fulcheri, Vandad-Julien Rohani. MHD modeling of rotating arc under restrike mode in ‘Kvaerner-type’ torch: II. Dynamics and stability at 20 bar pressure. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, IOP Publishing, 2019, 52 (14), pp.145202. ⟨10.1088/1361-6463/aaff45⟩. ⟨hal-02406836⟩

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