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Poster

Ultrafast In Situ Forming Poly(ethylene glycol)-Poly(amido amine) Hydrogels with Tunable Drug Release Properties via Controllable Degradation Rates

Abstract : Introduction Dendrimers have attracted increasing attention for the preparation of biomedical hydrogels thanks to their uniformity combined with control over their size, architecture, density and surface groups.1 In most poly(amino amide) (PAMAM) based hydrogels, linear poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was employed as crosslinking agent. However, star-shaped PEGs offer various advantages over linear PEGs, such as a higher concentration of end groups, which may result in faster gelation. Furthermore, control over hydrogel degradation is an important item that has yet received little attention regarding PEG-PAMAM hydrogels. This prompted us to prepare in situ forming PEG-PAMAM hydrogels by reacting PAMAM with multi-armed PEGs containing either a hydrolysable ester group or a stable amide group near each PEG end. Experimental Methods Hydrogels were prepared in NaH2PO4/Na2HPO4 buffer (pH 8) via the amidation reaction between N-succinimidyl ester (NHS) end groups of multi-armed PEG and amino end groups of PAMAM generation 2.0. To control the properties of the PEG-PAMAM hydrogels, PEGs were used with different arm numbers (4 or 8) as well as different linkers (amide or ester) between the PEG arms and their terminal NHS groups (Figure 1). Results and Discussion Rheology measurements showed that the hydrogels form within seconds after mixing the PEG and PAMAM precursor solutions. The storage moduli increased with crosslink density and reached values up to 2.3 kPa for hydrogels based on 4-armed PEG. Gravimetrical degradation experiments demonstrated that hydrogels with ester linkages between PEG and PAMAM degrade within 2 days, whereas amide-linked hydrogels were stable for several months. The release of the model drug fluorescein isothiocyanate-dextran (4·103 or 2·106 g/mol, FITC-DEX4K and FITC-DEX2000K, respectively) from amide-linked hydrogels was characterized by an initial burst followed by diffusion-controlled release, of which the rate depended on the size of the drug. In contrast, the release of FITC-DEX2000K from ester-containing hydrogels was governed mainly by degradation of the hydrogels and could be modulated via the ratio between ester and amide linkages. Cytotoxicity experiments showed that the PEG-PAMAM hydrogels are non-toxic to mouse fibroblasts. Conclusions The possibility to be formed in situ and their tunable mechanical, degradation and release properties make these PEG-PAMAM hydrogels appealing as controlled drug delivery systems.
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Poster
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02421528
Contributeur : Sytze Buwalda <>
Soumis le : vendredi 20 décembre 2019 - 15:10:41
Dernière modification le : mercredi 14 octobre 2020 - 04:02:37
Archivage à long terme le : : samedi 21 mars 2020 - 20:50:53

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  • HAL Id : hal-02421528, version 1

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Sytze Buwalda, Audrey Bethry, Sylvie Hunger, Sofian Kandoussi, Jean Coudane, et al.. Ultrafast In Situ Forming Poly(ethylene glycol)-Poly(amido amine) Hydrogels with Tunable Drug Release Properties via Controllable Degradation Rates. Advanced Functional Polymers for Medicine 2019, Jun 2019, Aalto, Finland. ⟨hal-02421528⟩

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