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Stimulation of Geothermal Reservoirs: Impedance and Efficiency of Thermal Recovery

Abstract : The natural permeability of geothermal reservoirs is low and needs to be enhanced to ensure an efficient use and economic viability. Hydraulic fracturing is the standard technique used for that purpose. Impedance and efficiency are key characteristics in regard to the economic viability of geothermal sites. The influence of hydraulic fracturing process on the efficiency of thermal recovery from Hot Dry Rock (HDR) reservoirs is addressed in a thermo-poroelastic framework. A fracturing model is integrated into a domestic Fortran 90 finite element code that solves transient thermo-poroelastic boundary value problems. The model governs the evolution of the cracks, namely their directions, lengths and apertures. While hydraulic fracturing improves significantly the permeability of the reservoir, and decreases its impedance, it also reduces its life time. The model parameters are extracted from data on the pilot reservoir at Soultz-sous-Forêts or back-calculated from the stimulations and circulation tests that have been run in 1993, 1997 and 2002-2005. The temperature dependence of the viscosity of the working fluid is shown to affect fluid and heat transports in the poroelastic medium and hence to decrease the efficiency of hydraulic fracturing. Increasing the salt concentration of the brine has comparable effects.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 30, 2020 - 11:48:50 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02460721, version 1



Murad S. Abuaisha, Benjamin Loret. Stimulation of Geothermal Reservoirs: Impedance and Efficiency of Thermal Recovery. 40th Workshop on Geothermal Reservoir Engineering, Jan 2015, Stanford, CA, United States. ⟨hal-02460721⟩



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