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Global Trends in the Innovation and Diffusion of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies

Abstract : Increasing the development and diffusion of low-carbon technologies on a global scale is critical to mitigating climate change. Based on over two million patents from 1995 to 2017 from 106 countries in all major climate mitigation technologies, our analysis shows an annual average low-carbon patenting growth rate of 10 percent from 1995 to 2013. Yet, from 2013 to 2017 low-carbon patenting rates have fallen by around 6 percent annually, likely driven by declining fossil fuel prices and, possibly, a readjustment of investors’ expectations and a stagnation of public funding for green R&D after the financial crisis. The Paris Agreement does not appear to have reversed the negative trend in low-carbon patenting observed since 2013. Innovation is still highly concentrated, with Germany, Japan, and the US accounting for more than half of global inventions, and the top 10 countries for around 90%. This concentration has further intensified over the last decade. Except for China, emerging economies have not caught up and remain less specialised in low-carbon technologies than the world average. This underscores the need for more technology transfers to developing and emerging economies, where most of the future CO2-emissions increases are set to occur. Existing transfer mechanisms, such as the UN Technology Transfer Mechanism and the Clean Development Mechanism, appear insufficient given the slow progress of technology transfer.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03190012
Contributor : Barbara Toussaint <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 5, 2021 - 7:05:47 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 7, 2021 - 3:13:31 AM

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Benedict Probst, Simon Touboul, Matthieu Glachant, Antoine Dechezleprêtre. Global Trends in the Innovation and Diffusion of Climate Change Mitigation Technologies. 2021. ⟨hal-03190012⟩

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