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Non-Markovian wave-function collapse models are Bohmian-like theories in disguise

Antoine Tilloy 1, 2, 3, 4 Howard Wiseman 5 
4 QUANTIC - QUANTum Information Circuits
ENS-PSL - École normale supérieure - Paris, Mines Paris - PSL (École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris), SU - Sorbonne Université, Inria de Paris
Abstract : Spontaneous collapse models and Bohmian mechanics are two different solutions to the measurement problem plaguing orthodox quantum mechanics. They have, a priori nothing in common. At a formal level, collapse models add a non-linear noise term to the Schrödinger equation, and extract definite measurement outcomes either from the wave function ( e . g . mass density ontology) or the noise itself (flash ontology). Bohmian mechanics keeps the Schrödinger equation intact but uses the wave function to guide particles (or fields), which comprise the primitive ontology. Collapse models modify the predictions of orthodox quantum mechanics, whilst Bohmian mechanics can be argued to reproduce them. However, it turns out that collapse models and their primitive ontology can be exactly recast as Bohmian theories. More precisely, considering (i) a system described by a non-Markovian collapse model, and (ii) an extended system where a carefully tailored bath is added and described by Bohmian mechanics, the stochastic wave-function of the collapse model is exactly the wave-function of the original system conditioned on the Bohmian hidden variables of the bath. Further, the noise driving the collapse model is a linear functional of the Bohmian variables. The randomness that seems progressively revealed in the collapse models lies entirely in the initial conditions in the Bohmian-like theory. Our construction of the appropriate bath is not trivial and exploits an old result from the theory of open quantum systems. This reformulation of collapse models as Bohmian theories brings to the fore the question of whether there exists `unromantic' realist interpretations of quantum theory that cannot ultimately be rewritten this way, with some guiding law. It also points to important foundational differences between `true' (Markovian) collapse models and non-Markovian models.
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https://hal-mines-paristech.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03858070
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Soumis le : jeudi 17 novembre 2022 - 15:48:55
Dernière modification le : vendredi 2 décembre 2022 - 04:03:37

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Antoine Tilloy, Howard Wiseman. Non-Markovian wave-function collapse models are Bohmian-like theories in disguise. Quantum, 2021, 5, pp.594. ⟨10.22331/q-2021-11-29-594⟩. ⟨hal-03858070⟩

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