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Sustainability assessment of electric mobility scenarios with the integration of a life cycle perspective

Abstract : Transportation is one of the main drivers of socio-economic development, but it is also a major source of impacts that threatens the environment and society. Substituting current fossil fuel-based transportation systems for more sustainable mobility models is a promising alternative to be explored, especially electric mobility which is currently exploding on the market. In this respect, it is essential to characterize the environmental, social and economic impacts associated with it. This information is essential to allow public and private actors to make informed decisions to best handle this transition period. This PhD thesis aims to design a comprehensive framework for assessing the sustainability of mobility scenarios, adopting a life cycle perspective. Life cycle sustainability analysis (LCSA) is at the core of the methodological contribution of this work. It is still at an early stage of development and involves the resolution of major methodological challenges. In this respect, guidelines for conducting LCSA are proposed with a comprehensive framework for evaluating electric mobility scenarios with respect to both technologies and transport services. Stakeholder involvement is explored through an integrated view from LCSA to decision making. In particular, transport users are at the center of attention of this work to allow their needs and expectations to be accounted for in the context of decision making by decision makers (public authorities and industry) in favor of sustainable mobility. Thus, to provide relevant knowledge on sustainability to decision makers, multi-criteria decision analysis is introduced to manage potential conflicts arising from the results of the sustainability analysis while accounting users' perspective. This approach should facilitate the connection with public authorities and industrial actors, involved in the decision-making process, by providing them simultaneously with scientific information on the three dimensions of sustainability and users' perspective.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 25, 2022 - 4:04:48 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, April 30, 2022 - 3:16:51 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, July 26, 2022 - 7:24:16 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03651313, version 1

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Ghada Bouillass. Sustainability assessment of electric mobility scenarios with the integration of a life cycle perspective. Engineering Sciences [physics]. MINES ParisTech - Université PSL, 2021. English. ⟨tel-03651313⟩

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